(8 minute read)

Volunteering while traveling is something I’ve always wanted to do. A chance to get off the tourist trail and not just experience the local scene, but contribute to it. However it can be pretty expensive, taking away the ‘nice and fuzzies’ and making it unreachable to those (like Stu and I) who have time to give, but not a lot of cash.

I was pumped to discover Give a Day Global who connects travellers with one day volunteer experiences all over the world. Even better, they had a program with a family-run organic farm in Cuba.

The day we organised to visit also happened to be my birthday, and without sounding cliche, it was probably my most favourite birthday yet! Or maybe I’m just getting old and forgetful. It was a day full of veggies and dirt, not cake and glitter. But Stu did make me wear a happy birthday badge, all day. It also ended with ice-cream from the locally famous Coppelia. Pretty tops to me!

It’s my party but I’ll farm if I want to!

Located about 30 minutes from Havana, Finca Tungasuk farm is run by Annabelle and Alfredo who moved to Cuba from Nicaragua. In just a few years they’ve worked to revive the rundown farm house and land, promoting indigenous methods of farming and the importance of plant based foods to a heavy meat eating audience.

After a cup of cuban coffee I’d come to know and love, we headed to a thatched hot-house where Alfredo showed us how he grows a highly demanded mushroom rumoured to make you live for a hundred years. Insert sceptical yet intrigued face. We masked up to avoid any foreign spores entering the bags and layered mushroom seeds on a homemade banana leaf mulch. We were smooth sailing until someone (aka Stu…) spilt the alcohol disinfectant. I was left to rescue my gardening gloves and clean ink off my arm. Note huge blue tattoo in photo below.

We also helped pick lima beans! Exclamation mark fully deserved. I was so excited as I’ve come to really love legumes living in London as we bulked out meals on the cheap. The hot tip on how you tell they’re ready to pick is the pod feels fatter than non-ripe ones. If you hold it up to the sun you can see the beans inside are fully separated into three or four cute little beans. Ta-da!

It was a hearty lunch with hearty conversation

Annabelle put on an absolute spread for lunch, serving hearty salads using ingredients we’d picked that day with some pork and chicken from the neighbour. But what made it a meal to remember was the conversation.

We learned more about the way of life for Cubans, and while I’m not going to pretend I know everything or even anything about communism or Cuban history, I left the table wondering if we would be better off taking inspiration from this so called ‘third world’ country vs blindly continuing to follow consumption-capital USA.

Enjoying lunch made by Annabelle at Finca Tungasuk farm in Cuba

A few topics I thought was interesting to reflect on and share:

Working to own:

Alfredo and Annabelle told us of how they acquired the farm from the government who allocates land to people as long as they work it and care for it. The government takes around 80-90% of the yield. But the rest is for the farmer to keep or sell for their own profit. Farmers also have very low electricity and water costs. $4 each a year if I heard correctly! I thought this arrangement was interesting, making land ownership mutually beneficial by putting it in good hands to provide for the community vs sitting under utilised or misused.  

Starting small:

Stu and I dream of owning a small farm one day. However the whole thing is pretty daunting. How do you decide what to grow? Do you decide, or does the land tell you? Or is it more about growing for a market? I have ALL of the questions…

Alfredo’s advice was to start small. Grow for your own needs first. Learn about your soil and test what crops and techniques work best before expanding out. They started with a few fruit trees that would take longer to establish and a small field beside the house.

Annabelle surrounded by her energetic dogs on the farm

Reusing plastics:

Since Obama relaxed the ban on travelling to Cuba in 2014, Americans have flooded in along with everyone else trying to see this ‘country stuck in time’ before it changes. However as positive as tourism is for building a more tolerant world, there are downsides as visitors bring with them expectations built on home comforts.

Take clean drinking water for example. Not many of us are thinking about the environmental impact of plastic water bottles as we hydrate in the most convenient way to avoid travel diarrhoea. But here’s some quick stats. I reckon Stu and I drank about 1.5 litres a day (buying water unfortunately meant drinking less) over our 14 day trip. So that’s at least 21 bottles we left locals to recycle or dispose of. Multiply that by the 4 million tourists who visited last year and that’s 84 million plastic bottles. And as a CKE (Conservative Kylie Estimate) I’m going to bet the official figure is much higher.

We turn up, party, pollute and piss off. Responsible tourism probably deserves a post of it’s own. Instead I’d like to reflect here on the resourcefulness of the locals I observed.

In local restaurants, street stalls and carts passing by I saw plastic bottles being reused for storage, especially coffee beans and lentils. Spotting some refilled bottles at the farm prompted me to ask Annabelle about it. She told us of how plastic is expensive and difficult to obtain so Cubans reuse it many times until completely worn out.

Finding organic alternatives:

On a similar point, Alfredo told us how pesticides are also difficult to access and so it’s easier to farm organically. He relies on what’s available from the farm or nearby including a natural pesticide made from tobacco. We’ve done a little reading around Permaculture, agriculture methods modelled on natural ecosystems. Seeing Alfredo in action has made us excited to learn more.

Bartering goods and services with neighbours:

“I don’t need money. I can’t buy anything with it anyway.”

This comment from Alfredo, or to a similar point, stuck with me most that day.

Alfredo told us of how he trades his veggies with other farmers for services or foods they don’t grow. Workers on the farm are also paid in fresh food to enjoy with their families. I loved how Annabelle and Alfredo were creating and supporting a local community, choosing to provide locally vs sell for a higher price in Havana.

I saw these partnerships among Cubans beyond the farm too as they worked together to share resources to get what they both need. One example was when we caught a taxi from Vinales to Trinidad and we were ‘swapped’ half way into another vehicle. At the time it felt so dodgy, but later (once we safely arrived) I realised how efficient it is for these drivers to be working together.

Kylie and Stuart with Annabelle and Alfredo on Finca Tungasuk farm in Cuba

Go see them!

Finca Tungasuk was such a great intro to organic farming and the first of many farms and sustainable living projects to come in our adventure ahead.

I’d really recommend visiting to other travellers. Get in touch with Annabelle and find out what donations they’re in need of. We bought along some sustainable farming books which hopefully have been useful.

Check out the Finca Tungasuk Facebook Page, their blog or by contacting Annabelle at annabelle@nauta.cu or tungasuk@gmail.com.  

Gracias y adios, Annabelle and Alfredo!

By | 2018-04-11T18:18:54+10:00 March 31st, 2018|The journey so far|6 Comments


  1. alecia July 14, 2017 at 1:42 am - Reply

    what a fascinating and different way to live. I think you are right we could learn something from them!

    • Kylie Betheras July 17, 2017 at 8:44 am - Reply

      Hi Alecia! Thanks so much for your comment! Yes, we found the restrictions ‘forced’ on Cubans meant doing things differently to the western world and often had a greater positive impact on the environment and their community. Really thought provoking. We hope you get to visit some time! Kylie, The Bees Republic.

  2. Kaye July 25, 2017 at 3:14 pm - Reply

    Kylie, What reason did you use when applying for your Cuban Visa ? I am just going to be in Cuba for 4 days and planning to volunteer for 2 days at the farm. I am traveling solo . Did you feel safe in Havana ? Where did you stay ? Did you use the transportation that Annabel recommended ? That they used their neighbor for $30 roundtrip ? How much pocket money would you suggest to bring? Thanks

    • Kylie Betheras July 25, 2017 at 4:36 pm - Reply

      Hi Kaye, great questions! See below 🙂 Please let me know if you have any further questions. Also did you see my blog post on Tips for First Time Travellers to Cuba? It shares my tips for things to do in Havana as well as advice around accommodation and spending money.


      Re the Visa – Stu and I are British and Australian so we applied for the 15 day general tourist visa. We went to the Cuba embassy in London to apply in person, paid the visa charge and received a printed visa to present on arrival at Cuba Customs. However depending on your nationality this could be different. We met many Americans who applied for the ‘people to people’ visa, meaning they were allowed to visit for the purposes of cultural exchange. Volunteering at the farm is a great way to demonstrate you’re eligible for the ‘people to people’ visa. I believe Americans also need to document their ‘people to people’ exchanges. Unfortunately I can’t share any more info on this, and visa requirements frequently change. I’d suggest Googling where a Cuba embassy is near you and asking them for clarification.

      Re Havana – We found Havana to be very safe. We stayed for 4 nights in Central Havana and 4 nights in Vedado near the university. I’d suggest staying in the Old Town Havana Vieja or Central Havana near Central Park. Vedado didn’t have as many restaurants and places to hang out at as we had hoped. The only time we felt a little ‘wary’ was when we walked quite far out to Fabrica De Artes (totally worth visiting!). I’d get a taxi there. Everywhere else we walked. You’ll likely find yourself in the Old Town at night time anyway which is the most busy and touristy area, so is very safe. We did sometimes get a few looks especially walking through the quieter streets in Central Havana, but I think this is because tourists are less frequent. I booked the accomodation via Airbnb. Why not ask your host if there are other guests staying on your dates and you could enjoy Havana together?

      Re Transport to Finca Tungasuk – Yes we used Annabelle’s driver Pedro. He picked us up and dropped us back to our casa in Havana. It is 30 CUC round trip, however if you share with someone you could split the cost, even if your casas are at different addresses in Havana. For example, Stu and I paid 15 CUC total to get there (just us two in the taxi), however we shared the taxi on the way back with two other volunteers and so split the $15 return by four people. Email Annabelle to ask if there are any volunteers you can connect with and share the cost.

      Re – Spending money – We were travelling on a low budget and spent less than 50-60CUC total per day for the both of us. Breakfast at your casa is 5 CUC pp, dinner and lunch is about 8-15 CUC pp (depending on what you order). Beer is around 1.50-2 CUC, mojitos around 3-5 CUC. Try the food stands run by locals for cheap and cheerful food, or restaurants off the main tourist streets. We walked everywhere and so didn’t spend money on taxis, and we only bought a painting that would fit in our backpacks. If you’d like to ride in an old classic American car it’s 40CUC for an hour tour. Try asking your casa owner to send one to the airport to collect you. Although we did try this and they sent a Russian Lada instead!

  3. Dr .Loden Rogers June 9, 2018 at 6:14 am - Reply

    What a fascinating and different way to live. I think you are right we could learn something from them.thanks for sharing such interesting and useful post.

    • Kylie Betheras June 10, 2018 at 6:34 pm - Reply

      Hi Loden, it was a great start to your trip, really opened our minds to the different realities of the world. Now with a few more farms and time under our belt we appreciate what we learnt in Cuba far more. The past year has been incredible to put some reality behind a lot of our personal research and is fueling our route forward. Are you involved in agriculture at all or even a little home gardening?

Leave A Comment